You can't see the fairy chimneys seen in a few parts of the world as anywhere else in Cappadocia. Cappadocia, which ranked 5th in the Kültür New 25 Wonders of the World ya list published in Times Newspaper, has also been on UNESCO's World Heritage List since 1985.
From the first day you come here, you will understand that Cappadocia is a completely different place that promises a unique world by melting its nature, history, and legends in a pot of art, culture, sports, entertainment and romance. It has such a mystical feel that it is a unique geography where you can discover yourself alongside many other things. Obviously, the words are not enough to explain this extraordinary place, you still have to go and see with your own eyes.
Let's see the list of best place to visit in Cappadocia;
Must Places to Visit in Cappadocia
Goreme Open-Air Museum
Goreme Open Air Museum is a place where you will enter a completely different world. In this different world where the missionary and seclusion of Christians escaped from oppression and where the monastic life started, you will meet many churches, chapels and living areas carved into the rocks.
Starting from Uchisar and extending to Göreme and covering an area of 4 kilometers, Güvercinlik Valley has taken its name from the pigeon nests carved into the rocks.
You will see the best of the fairy chimneys and the most artistic stance while walking this 4-kilometer valley. In the valley, there are ruins and churches belonging to the monastic life of ancient Christians.
Sarnic Church, Görkündere Church, Saklı Church, and El Nazar Church are in this valley. You will find rich vegetation in this hidden valley, which is quite suitable for walking.
Uchisar Castle is like the roof of Cappadocia; The snowy head of Erciyes, Kızılçukur, Ürgüp, Avanos, or the whole region is spreading under your feet. A place where you can watch the sunset and take panoramic pictures of Cappadocia.
Valley of the Pasabag Priests
Valley of the Paşabağ Priests is one of the valleys where you can watch interesting formations of the fairy chimneys. Three-headed fairy chimney in the middle of the valley is dedicated to Saint Simeon. It is said that Saint Simeon lived in this chapel for 15 years.
Devrent Valley is known as Dream Valley and Haunted Valley. There are fairy chimneys in the form of the famous camel and different silhouettes, which you will sometimes liken to an animal and sometimes to a human. It is up to you to find the fairy chimney of the Virgin Mary who opened her hands in this visual feast.
Zelve Valley is one of the largest open-air museums in Cappadocia. You will see the most pointed and wide body fairy chimneys here. Especially in the 9th and 13th centuries, one of the most important religious centers of Christians, Zelve Valley has 15 churches.
Özkonak Underground City
Wherever you go in the world, the only places that are more astonished over the earth are the underground cities. Ozkonak Underground City is one of the spoils of the world. B.C. Özkonak Underground City, which is thought to have been carved in 400 years, consists of four floors.
Which is the most secret, deepest and most mysterious of Cappadocia's paradise? The answer will be the Ihlara Valley. The first settlement of the valley began in the 4th century according to estimates. There are 105 historical artifacts in the valley which extends for 14 kilometers in a canyon at a depth of 120 meters.
Derinkuyu Underground City
Derinkuyu Underground City, which is the largest underground city of Cappadocia. It was named because of the deep well in the middle. In this gigantic city, which has 8 floors of space, there are almost as a city inhabitant.
Information About Cappadocia
Geographical Structure of Cappadocia
Cappadocia, which has world-famous geographical conditions, fairy chimneys, wine cellars, and spectacular valleys, welcomes hundreds of thousands of visitors in summer. Today, the boundaries of the region of Niğde, Kayseri, Nevşehir, Aksaray, and Kırşehir with the province of the region of Urgup, Goreme, Avanos, Kaymakli, Ihlara, Derinkuyu, Uchisar, and the surrounding area is a part of the rocky Cappadocia region.
Erciyes, Hasandagi, Melendiz, and Güllüdağ in the Cappadocia region were active volcanoes during geological periods. The lava from the volcanoes beneath the Neogene lakes yielded a layer of tuff of 100-150 meters thickness on the plateau, lakes, and rivers. In the structure of this layer, there are tuffite, ignimbrite tuff, lahar, volcanic ash, clay, sandstone, marl, agglomerate, and basalt.
The plateau, which is shaped by substances that blow out from the main rocks, has been constantly changed by the eruption of smaller volcanoes. Starting from the Upper Polisen region, especially the Kızılırmak river, the rivers and lakes overcame this tuff layer. The geological structure prevailing in the area of Nevşehir is neogene. In addition, the geological structure of the southern region of Kızılırmak consists of basalt and mesozoic layers, and the northern part of the river is composed of oligomyocene, eocene, metamorphic series and granite layers.
Fairy chimneys, the valley slopes of the flood waters and wind, tuffs formed by the erosion of the structure. Flood waters found their way on steep slopes caused hard rocks to crack and break. The slope was regressed by deeply carving the material which was found in the lower parts and the more easily worn material so that the hats on the upper parts were protected from abrasion by the chronically shaped hulls.
Other types of fairy chimneys produced by erosion in Cappadocia are conical, mushroom-shaped, columnar and pointed fairy chimneys. Peribacalas are most commonly seen in the region between Ürgüp, Uçhisar and Avanos triangle and between Ürgüp and Şahinefendi.