Since the historical places of Bursa are considered important not only for Turkish history but also for the history of humanity, they are considered suitable by UNESCO as World Cultural Heritage. For this reason, among the priorities of every foreign tourist, Bursa is the historical place of Bursa, which carries the Ottoman Empire from a beylik to empire. In this development of the Ottoman Empire, which ruled 2/3 of the world which was discovered during its most powerful period, the urbanization, foundations and complexes and the revived trade in the khans played a major role. This information will be very useful if you want to visit the cradle of a world giant.
Bursa has been one of the most important cities for the Ottoman Empire throughout history. Its commercial role on the Silk Road thanks to the inns; Shedding light on the social life based on the foundation system in the Ottoman Empire, the historical sites of Bursa, the mosque, khans and baths to be truly authentic, to host buildings reflecting the Ottoman architecture of Bursa and to become the second capital of the Ottoman Empire are just a few reasons why just.
Things to Do in Bursa
Grand Mosque of Bursa
This ancient temple, which is named as ve Ayasofya of Bursa by Evliya Celebi, is among the most magnificent and magnificent buildings within the borders of our country. The mosque, which is also known as the oldest of Turkish-Islamic works, was built in 3 years under the orders of Yıldırım Bayezid. Bursa Grand Mosque, which has the biggest closed worship area today, leaves our famous mosques such as Suleymaniye and Sultan Ahmet. In the walls of the mosque that has become the symbol of Bursa today, the sound of the Qur'an echoes for centuries.
Green Mosque and Green Tomb
One of the most famous buildings of Bursa after the Great Mosque, the Green Mosque was built in 1421. Mehmed Çelebi and his family lie in the Green Tomb located in the garden of the mosque built by Mehmet Çelebi, one of the princes of Yıldırım Bayezid. The Green Mosque and Green Tomb are the rarest and most culminating works of marble and woodwork. But the tiles in these two structures evoke admiration from the very first moment. Especially the Green Tomb is a first for the Ottoman architecture because of the tiles covering each wall.
Kozahan, one of the most famous shopping places of Bursa, is one of the places where those who come to Bursa are taking steps. The two-story inn has 45 rooms in total. 3. The palace built by Bayezid, the architect of the period, the famous architect Pulat Shah. Of course, the main products in the shops are silk. You can buy silk shawls, shirts, dresses, and many more products from the shops in Kozahan. In addition, the jewelry which is made of silver and the souvenirs you can take to your loved ones in Bursa are also sold in Kozahan. You have a chance to visit the inn every day of the week.
Tombs of Osman Gazi and Orhan Gazi
Osmangazi and Orhangazi, one of the important people of the past, are among the important names in the foundation and development of the Ottoman Empire. Osmangazi and Orhangazi Tombs in the Tophane district of Bursa are located on the right of Tophane Park. The most visited places are the Orhangazi and Osmangazi Tombs. This tomb, which was built on the ruins of Saint Elle Church during the Byzantine period, maintains its beauty and its durable structure. In addition, historical mosaic remains from ancient periods are also found in these tombs.
Emir Sultan Mosque and Complex
The Emir Sultan Complex, located in Emir Sultan District, which he named, opens the gates of a different atmosphere with centuries-old trees surrounding the Sultan Mosque. In the construction of the mosque, the most rare examples of wood processing used. Emir Sultan Mosque decorated by wood, china harmoniously reveals the spiritual feelings of most people and the admiration of art in its construction. The tomb next to the mosque is the eternal resting place of Emir Sultan and his family. But the tomb we see today is unfortunately not the original state of the building. Over time, the mausoleum was rebuilt by Sultan Abdülaziz in the 1860s.
Due to this feature within the silk capital of Turkey, Bursa There are many inns and bazaars. In the area called Eski Bursa, there are many houses, including Kozahan. On your trip to Bursa, you can visit these historical inns and take a look at the streets of the 15th century. The Grand Bazaar in the region is a 15th-century building. In the market, which was called as the first bazaar, there are jewelers today.
Bursa Castle is one of the places to visit to see completely, but the exact year of the construction of Bursa Castle is not known before the 1st century is thought to be dating. The castle, which was used by many civilizations in history, has undergone some changes after being conquered by Orhan Bey. Today there are many ruins in the castle, especially from Rome. But the most remarkable place of Bursa Castle is the Sultanate Gate. 5 Doors, including Kaplıca Kapi, Hisar Kapi, Yer Kapi, Pinarbasi dor, and Zindan dor.
Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts
This beautiful museum of Bursa was built by Çelebi Mehmet, son of Yıldırım Bayezid. The museum, which was also used as an archaeological museum for a period, has been used as a Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts since 1975. 12th-century manuscripts, coins, armor, embroidery, various weapons, and many other works are exhibited in the museum. The museum which is located in the west of the Yeşil Mosque is also called as Yeşil Madrasa. The most valuable works in the museum are the 2nd Koran, which belongs to Murat and Yıldırım Bayezid.
Cumalıkızık is located in the foothills of Uludağ. It is a 700-year-old monumental village surrounded by figs and chestnut trees, with the most striking examples of Ottoman architecture. Unlike most of the centuries-old villages in the North Aegean and Marmara Region, Bursa - Cumalıkızık is a ’Turkish Village Kuzey. There is the air of the old mountain villages on these slopes with plenty of oxygen.
Places in Unesco World Cultural Heritage List in Bursa
Hüdavendigar Complex (1. Murad)
Yildirim Complex (Bayezid I)
Green Complex (1st Mehmed)
Muradiye Complex (2. Murad)
What to Eat in Bursa?